Pelvic floor muscles’ role in the sexual arousal, activity and the climax has been well documented in both the vagina and the penis owners. The over or under-activity of these muscles can impair the sexual functioning with varying degrees.
While overactivity can trigger pain, make insertion painful for vagina owners and create pain with erection or ejaculation for penis owners, under-activity may cause issues like pelvic organ prolapse or erectile dysfunction, which can negatively impact your appreciation and enjoyment of the sexual experience.
The pudendal nerve can also get irritated by these overactive pelvic floor muscles and become hypersensitive, causing a pain in the vulva, vagina and clitoris/penis, making sexual activity difficult. This hyperactivity in the nerves can also create a persistent sense of arousal which is an extremely frustrating and debilitating situation. Hormonal changes that a woman experiences going through menopause can also pose challenges to their sexual health. Therefore, a proper assessment is important to uncover the underlying problem to effectively improve sexual functions.