Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Pelvic floor muscles are skeletal muscles that sit in the pelvic bowl and spans from the pubic symphysis all the way back to the tail bone and sacrum. These muscles not only support the pelvic organs such as bladder, uterus and rectum but also ensure proper functioning of different systems urinary, lower GI & reproductive system. These muscles mostly work automatically, however can be controlled voluntarily as well. They are considered optimally working when they display good strength, endurance, coordination and flexibility. In the absence of which, functioning of various systems get affected as well. Pelvic floor dysfunction is generally diagnosed when these muscles are holding too much tension and are unable to fully relax on command. Holding tension can impinge and irritate nerves, increase inflammation in the region due to poor blood circulation and ultimately render the muscles weak. All these physiological changes, in turn affect the optimal functioning of various organs systems in the pelvic region. Some of the conditions caused by pelvic floor dysfunction are:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Urinary urgency/ frequency that can mimic UTI or other infection
  • Urge incontinence 
  • Outlet obstruction 
  • Pudendal nerve impingement